British Army Application Form
- a form to use when making an application
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- The British Army is the land warfare branch of Her Majesty’s Armed Forces in the United Kingdom. It came into being with the unification of the Kingdoms of England and Scotland into the Kingdom of Great Britain in 1707.
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british army application form – With Zeal
This groundbreaking book offers a new analysis of the British Army during the “American rebellion” at both operational and tactical levels. Presenting fresh insights into the speed of British tactical movements, Spring discloses how the system for training the army prior to 1775 was overhauled and adapted to the peculiar conditions confronting it in North America.
First scrutinizing such operational problems as logistics, manpower shortages, and poor intelligence, Spring then focuses on battlefield tactics to examine how troops marched to the battlefield, deployed, advanced, and fought. In particular, he documents the use of turning movements, the loosening of formations, and a reliance on bayonet-oriented shock tactics, and he also highlights the army’s ability to tailor its tactical methods to local conditions.
Written with flair and a wealth of details that will engage scholars and history enthusiasts alike, With Zeal and with Bayonets Only offers a thorough reinterpretation of how the British Army’s North American campaign progressed and invites serious reassessment of most of its battles.
4795 Hector Goldsbrough – Portrait WW1: Lewis Machine Gunner KIA
"Comrades of the Great Adventure"
The months of August and September 1915 were particularly busy for the young lads of Goldsbrough families, with John Joseph close cousin from Eastwood NSW, Milton, Hector and not forgetting Robert Erickson (family friend from Manly), all enlisting in the cause within days or a couple of weeks of each other, mostly at the Liverpool Depot.
From a family of twelve which included six brothers, Hector was the first in four of William Frederick Goldsbrough’s sons to volunteer. Hector was destined to create a precedent and signature pattern of behaviour and attitude for subsequent enlisted sibling Goldsborough’s, for soon after, suffering from some form of indecision or a confused sense of loyalty……….he went AWL from the Cootamundra Training Battalion. On the Western Front he was also convicted with accounts for AWL and not reporting for shift.
On the 30th of March 1916 he was officially listed as a Deserter and a Warrant issued in Australia for his arrest. In the interim Hector’s conscience must have weighed heavily, his sense of partiotism, duty and "Call to Arms" bade him to re-enlist in the service to King and Country on the 22nd of November 1915.
Hector died of wounds on the 4th of April 1917, the outstanding Warrant for his apprehension at home however, remained in force and was not offiically withdrawn until the 30th of January 1919. It would appear Army Records did not detect the co-incidence of the two enlistments due to the fact, on his first application there was no Service No. (4795) assigned him on the documentation. This may indicate he absented himself prior to formal Attestation.
"Died of Wounds"
3rd Eschelon report: AIF Headquarters 15.1.18
Wounded in Action 2.4.17
Adm 15th Fld. Amb. g.s.w. chest and trans to C.C.Stn. 2.4.17
Adm 3rd C.C. 3.4.17 g.s.w. abdomen penetrating
Died of wounds at 3rd Cas. Cl St. France 4.4.17
Buried at Pozieres British Cemetery 11372G.
Errata: Hector may have been on strength with 3 Platoon, not 4 Pltn as previously thought.
Australian Red Cross – Missing and Wounded
Selected individual eyewitness accounts and first hand statements (below) by members of the same battalion who were present in the final days of Hector’s demise. Worth noting, these recounts were dictated at a date sometimes many months later than the event, by in many instances diggers who themselves were convalescent from battle wounds or trauma, in various Military Hospitals both in France and England.
Present with Hector on that fateful morning were:
Privates Barlow, Clune (KIA 21 July 1918), Gibbon and L/Cpl Bell. Other known Gunners in Hector’s section include 2143 Pte J.T. Brennan, and 2166 Pte H. Brown.
Co-incidental as it may be, 2170 Pte John Alfred Gibbon (above) age 32 years, enlisted with the same intake as brother 2173 Roy Goldsbrough on the 21/22 of March at Liverpool. John’s occupation is listed as an Orchard Manager from Wingello near Camden NSW. Gibbon was later to be critically injured at Ypres in Belgium on the 8th October 1917 with a shell wound to the left arm, necessitating amputation at a Canadian Field Hospital. Invalidity assessed as TPI, he returned to Australia on 22nd March 1918. Died, Bowral in 1962.
2174 Pte. Geoffrey Tite Goodman age 21 from Camden, a mechanic and another of the eyewitness informants on Hectors Red Cross records, also enlisted on this day.
We draw your attention here to the close consecutive sequence of the AIF Service Numbers for those mentioned above, to Hector’s brother Roy . 2143, 2166, 2170, 2172, 2173 and 2174!
Front Line Accounts
2170 Pte Gibbon, 56th Battn
"He was on the same gun with me on April 2nd when we made our hop over at Louverval. He got hit in the arm and said to me…….. I’ve got a blighty one; I’m off, take the gun".
2616 Pte H. S. Brown, A Coy
"I saw him wounded at Louverval. He was shot through the chest by a sniper and I saw him walk away to the dressing station, which was about 1/2 a mile distant".
2219 Pte S. S. Maynard
"H. Goldsbrough was wounded at Louverval on the 2nd April in the morning. I think he was shot through the lung. He died two days later at the D.S. at Pozieres. I did not see him but I got this information from his brother Roy who was with him at the time. Roy came out with the same Re-enf. as I did and I knew him well".
4750 Corpl. A.R. Charlton, A Coy
"He was hit hard early in the morning of the 2nd (April) in the attack and walked out of the trench to go to the C.C.S. and I cannot say what happened to him after that".
Corpl. Alan Roy Charlton also gives a report on the death of brother Roy for the 16th of May at Bullecourt. He witnessed both incidents. Alan Charlton enlisted (age
Clipstone Colliery, is in Clipstone village, Nottinghamshire. The new village of Clipstone, built on the site of Clipstone Army Camp in 1926 by the Bolsover Mining Company as a model village with modern housing and amenity areas to provide accommodation and recreation for the mine workers. In 1912 the Bolsover Colliery Company leased 6,000 acres of mining rights form the Duke of Portland. A test bore found the 6ft Tophard seam of coal at a depth of 640yds. At the outbreak of war in 1914 the work on sinking of the shaft was suspended at a depth of 50 ft but the surface buildings such as the winding house were completed. The railway branch line reached the pit in 1916 with a short spur to serve the army camp. In 1919 work on the shaft recommenced and by 1922 two 21ft diameter shafts had been completed. Production on the Tophard seam began in 1927. A serious underground fire occurred in 1932. In these early days the only holidays were Christmas, Whit Monday and Good Friday. The first one-week paid holiday was granted in 1936.
By the Second World War, the seam being worked was becoming exhausted. Deeper seams had to be developed, so a programme of reconstruction and reorganisation was drawn up just after the war. The National Coal Board (NCB) took on the scheme upon nationalisation in 1947-48. The plan was for both underground and surface reorganisation. On the surface, works had started in earnest by 1953. The old steam winders, boilers, and fan, were scrapped; the winding houses, headframes, boiler house, fan house and heapstead buildings demolished. They were replaced by new heapsteads, headframes, a fan house, and a winder/power house located between the two shafts, with two electrically powered winders. New buildings contained new machinery, and in the case of the winding system, a different form from that of established practice. By the late 1940s, it was common for collieries in the UK to use drum winding to raise and lower miners and materials in the shafts. One system already adopted in Europe was that of ‘Koepe’ or Friction winding. This uses a single loop of rope, or two or more ropes in parallel, and a powered pulley or ‘Koepe’ wheel to move things along, rather than the standard drum. The system is under balance, needing less power for operation, and was invented in Germany in 1877 by Frederick Koepe. Interestingly the first British example was installed at Bestwood Colliery, Nottinghamshire, in the 1880s. This did not prove successful, and was soon taken out. The system was installed at a few more collieries up to the 1930s, but did not enjoy widespread use. It took the reconstruction programme of the NCB in the 1950s and 1960s to encourage further adoption. Clipstone was one of the first post war examples of this system, but surprisingly, here the NCB went for ground based winders, rather than the by now more usual system of winders installed in towers over the shafts. This of course, required the use of headframes, and the ones at Clipstone use pulley wheels or ‘sheaves’ located one above the other, designed specifically for Koepe winding, rather than the more normal way of sheaves next to each other. The winder house contained the two electrically driven Koepe winders, and two motor generator sets to convert the public AC supply to DC. This configuration pretty much remained as this until closure in 2003. The heapsteads are two monolithic brick buildings, enclosing the areas beneath the headframes. The central winder house is a modernist brick and glass affair. It is the sculptural qualities of the two magnificent headframes, which were the tallest in the UK when built, standing at approximately 65m high, which are the real landmarks. They can be seen for a miles around dominating the area.
The 1950s rebuilding of the headgear and winder house were listed in 2000 as an "early example of the ‘Koepe’ system" according to the list description. Whilst not the first built, it seems that it is the earliest in situ example left in the UK. The architecture of the rebuilding is good for a mid twentieth century colliery, it seems the site is an unusual survival of an early NCB reconstruction. The only other post war colliery structures to have statutory protection in England are located at Chatterley Whitfield colliery, these forming part of the scheduled complex. They include a winder house, a fan house, and a grade II listed store. This technical interest has not stopped demolition proposals. In 2003, a referendum in Clipstone was held, with the villagers voting overwhelmingly for demolition of the complete site. The Coal Authority has made a listed building consent application for demolition, everything has been demolished, even the 1930s baths house (mentioned by Pevsner). All that remains are the tallest all metal headstocks in the country.
Despite the collieries unbroken profit-making record it was closed and mothballed in 1993. Re-opened